During these struggles hundreds of senators were killed, and the Roman Senate had been refilled with loyalists[vague] of the First Triumvirate and later those of the Second Triumvirate. [14][15] This is most evident in Australia's inclusion in modern definitions of the Western world: despite being part of the Eastern hemisphere; these regions and those like it are included due to its significant British influence deriving from the colonisation of British explorers and the immigration of Europeans in the 20th century which has since grounded the country to the Western world politically and culturally.[16]. Based on a 2006–2008 worldwide survey by Gallup. Now it is remaking the Continent", Russia Between East and West: Perceptions and Reality, s:Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers: Series II/Volume VI/The Letters of St. Jerome/Letter 127, "On this day in AD 455: the beginning of the end for Rome", "Alaric, Barbarians and Rome: a Complicated Relationship", "How the West Won: The Neglected Story of the Triumph of Modernity", "Vodič kroz svet Vizantije (Guide to the Byzantine World)", "Background to Against the Sale of Indulgences by Martin Luther", "How important was the role of the princes in bringing about the success of the Lutheran Reformation in Germany in the years 1525 to 1555? Additionally, Latin American and Orthodox worlds are sometimes separately considered "akin" to the West. The extremely wealthy (after previous Crusades) Venetians in particular made a successful attempt to maintain control over the coast of Catholic present-day Croatia (specifically the Dalmatia, a region of interest to the maritime medieval Venetian Republic moneylenders and its rivals, such as the Republic of Genoa) rebelling against the Venetian economic domination. AbFab, edited by BobJarvis, "Here at the Western World" as written by Walter Carl Becker Donald J. Fagen. to refer to all non-communist countries. Almost 3.7 million people in the Region died from cancer that same year. [53][54][55][h], Both these religious wars ended with the Peace of Westphalia (1648), which enshrined the concept of the nation-state, and the principle of absolute national sovereignty in international law. Nonetheless, despite its great legacy, a number of factors led to the eventual decline and fall of the Roman Empire. 59% in the United Kingdom) and attend church on major occasions, such as Christmas and Easter. In 1955, when Austria again became a fully independent republic, it did so under the condition that it remain neutral; but as a country to the west of the Iron Curtain, it was in the United States' sphere of influence. In 1071, the Byzantine army was defeated by the Muslim Turco-Persians of medieval Asia, resulting in the loss of most of Asia Minor. onlineslangdictionary.com/meaning-definition-of/…. [110] Subjectively, Latin Americans are divided when it comes to identifying themselves. The Eastern Roman Empire surviving the fall of the Western protected Roman legal and cultural traditions, combining them with Greek and Christian elements, for another thousand years. Over time, their associated empires grew first to the east and west to include the rest of Mediterranean and Black Sea coastal areas, conquering and absorbing. . Yet, the environments in which we live can favour health or be harmful to it. I think it's about a whorehouse in the western United States--but it could be a whorehouse in Germany called the "Western World". Peter N. Stearns, Western Civilization in World History, Themes in World History, Routledge, 2008, Religions in Global Society – Page 146, Peter Beyer – 2006, Sri Aurobindo, "Ideal of Human Unity" included in. [e] In 350 years, from the successful and deadliest war with the Phoenicians began in 218 BC to the rule of Emperor Hadrian by AD 117, Ancient Rome expanded up to twenty-five times its area. Western culture is commonly said to include: Australia, Canada, all European member countries of the EFTA and EU, the European microstates, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Spain did not join the NATO until 1982, seven years after the death of the authoritarian Franco. The Western world, also known as the West, refers to various regions, nations and states, depending on the context, most often consisting of the majority of Europe,[a] North America and Australasia. situated or lying toward the west. Some regions in Latin America incorporate indigenous cultures, which did not exist in Europe and were effectively annihilated in the United States, and whose importance oscillates between two extremes: Mexico, Central America, Peru and Bolivia, on the one hand, and Argentina and Chile on the other. Globally, NCD deaths are projected to increase by 15% between 2010 and 2020 (to 44 million deaths), with the highest numbers predicted in the Western Pacific (12.3 million deaths) and South-East Asia (10.4 million deaths) Regions. [76] At its apex, the phrase "the empire on which the sun never sets" described the British Empire, because its expanse around the globe meant that the sun always shone on at least one of its territories. Before AD 1100, the Catholic Church suppressed what they believed to be heresy, usually through a system of ecclesiastical proscription or imprisonment, but without using torture,[48] and seldom resorting to executions. General CommentThe Lido Shipyard Sausage Company is a restaurant in Newport Beach, CA. In this definition, Western culture is the set of literary, scientific, political, artistic, and philosophical principles that set it apart from other civilizations. [97][98][99][100] The Philippines is in a unique situation where although; except for the very significant minority, the majority population is little to no European base, the culture is very western based. Here at the Western World Ruthie will give you the silver key To open the red door Lay down your Jackson and you will see The sweetness you've been cryin' for In the night you hide from the madman You're longing to be But it all comes out on the inside Eventually [Chorus] ", The Rise of Western Power: A Comparative History of Western Civilization, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Western_world&oldid=995972537, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with Norwegian-language sources (no), Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with incomplete citations from July 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with failed verification from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Articles needing additional references from June 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from July 2018, Articles needing additional references from April 2018, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2018, Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from September 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, European cultural influences concerning artistic, musical, folkloric, ethic and oral traditions, whose themes have been further developed by, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 21:20. The Free World is a propaganda term, primarily used during the Cold War from 1945 to 1992, to refer to the Western Bloc.More broadly, it has also been used [by whom?] [f], In AD 800 under Charlemagne, the Early Medieval Franks established an empire that was recognized by the Pope in Rome as the Holy Roman Empire (Latin Christian revival of the ancient Roman Empire, under perpetual Germanic rule from AD 962) inheriting ancient Roman Empire's prestige but offending the Roman Emperor in Constantinople. "[37] There followed the sack of AD 455 lasting 14 days, this time conducted by the Vandals, retaining Rome's eternal spirit through the Holy See of Rome (the Latin Church) for centuries to come. [citation needed], Greek culture is said to have influenced Roman civilization in all aspects of society, from architecture to philosophy, art and war. [93] The same has been done by Malthusian demographers with a sharp distinction between European and non-European family systems. Herodotus considered the Persian Wars of the early 5th century BC a conflict of Europa versus Asia (which he considered all land north and east of the Sea of Marmara, respectively). Others say: "No, we have our own unique culture"; and a vast bibliographical material produced by Latin Americans and North Americans exposes in detail their cultural differences. Division of the Roman Empire after 395 into western and eastern part. While some masked ceremonies have died out over the years, others cultures have held onto their traditions. A number of countries did not fit comfortably into this neat definition of partition, including Switzerland, Sweden, Austria, and Ireland, which chose to be neutral. The charting of oceanic routes between East and West began with the unprecedented voyages of Portuguese and Spanish sea captains. Meanwhile, the extent of both Christendoms expanded, as Germanic peoples, Bohemia, Poland, Hungary, Scandinavia, Baltic peoples, British Isles and the other non-Christian lands of the northwest were converted by the Western Church, while Eastern Slavic peoples, Bulgaria, Serbia, Montenegro, Russian territories, Vlachs and Georgia were converted by the Eastern Church. And I am certain that I am not the only one. 20 July 2010, "Why are most multinational corporations either from the US, Europe or Japan", "Western Civilization: A Brief History, Volume II: Since 1500" 2016, "Multinational corporations and United States foreign policy Part 11" 1975, "Testing Huntington: Is Hispanic Immigration a Threat to American Identity? This division into Eastern and Western Roman Empires was reflected in the administration of the Roman Catholic and Eastern Greek Orthodox churches, with Rome and Constantinople debating over whether either city was the capital of Western religion. Meaning of The Western World. [i][j][k] The European colonization of the Americas led to the Atlantic slave trade between the 1490s and the 1800s, which also contributed to the development of African intertribal warfare and racist ideology. [failed verification][7][8]. Western civilization is also strongly associated with Christianity (and to a lesser extent, with Judaism), which is in turn shaped by Hellenistic philosophy and Roman culture. [91][92], The exact scope of the Western world is somewhat subjective in nature, depending on whether cultural, economic, spiritual or political criteria are employed. Although not part of Western colonization process proper, following the Middle Ages Western culture in fact entered other global-spanning cultures during the colonial 15th–20th centuries. In much of the Western world, it is traditional to wear a wedding ring on the left-hand ring finger. It’s super easy, we promise! Historians agree that the Industrial Revolution has been one of the most important events in history. ), whereas the West was much more rural in its character and more readily adopted Latin as its common language. western: [adjective] coming from the west. Western-world meaning Europe, the Americas and generally any country whose cultural and ethnic origins can mostly be traced to Europe, collectively. The result was a series of western European military campaigns into the eastern Mediterranean, known as the Crusades. It is a generally accepted[citation needed] western view to recognize the existence of at least three "major worlds" (or "cultures", or "civilizations"), broadly in contrast with the Western: the Eastern world, the Arab and the African worlds, with no clearly specified boundaries. But these journeys had little permanent effect on east–west trade because of a series of political developments in Asia in the last decades of the 14th century, which put an end to further European exploration of Asia: namely the new Ming rulers were found to be unreceptive of religious proselytism by European missionaries and merchants. While often pointedly nationalist, these cultural and political leaders interacted within the West to such an extent as to change both themselves and the West. Carried to its limit, this would in practice include almost everyone within the West, in one way or another. [65] The Holy Roman Empire was dissolved in 1806 by the French Revolutionary Wars; abolition of the Roman Catholic Inquisition followed. The Western Roman Empire provinces eventually were replaced by Northern European Germanic ruled kingdoms in the 5th century due to civil wars, corruption, and devastating Germanic invasions from such tribes as the Goths, the Franks and the Vandals by their late expansion throughout Europe. An international cast of gorgeous male models shows just how drastically the physical attributes of the "ideal man" vary across 12 different countries. [97] A 2011 Pew Research Center survey found that 76.2% of Europeans, 73.3% in Oceania, and about 86.0% in the Americas (90% in Latin America and 77.4% in North America) described themselves as Christians. It used to mean particular goals that women wanted to achieve in order to have a more equitable and fair society for them to live in. The modern shape of these societies is strongly based upon the Industrial Revolution and the societies' associated social and environmental problems, such as class and pollution, as well as reactions to them, such as syndicalism and environmentalism. Another word for western. Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao), and therefore left out when "Western world" is used to denote developed countries. Earth was divided into three "worlds". The Eastern Mediterranean was home to the highly urbanized cultures that had Greek as their common language (owing to the older empire of Alexander the Great and of the Hellenistic successors. The Dalmatia remained under Venice domination throughout next centuries (even constituting an Italian territorial claim by the, Portuguese sailors began exploring the coast of Africa and the Atlantic archipelagos in 1418–19, using recent developments in navigation, cartography and maritime technology such as the, In the 16th century, the Portuguese broke the (overland) Medieval monopoly of the Arabs and Italians of trade (goods and slaves) between Asia and. In 2014, governments around the world recognized ageism as “the common source of, the justification for, and the driving force behind age discrimination.” Later, they expanded to the north of the Mediterranean Sea to include Western, Central, and Southeastern Europe. [30], The theologian and paleontologist Pierre Teilhard de Chardin conceived of the West as the set of civilizations descended from the Nile Valley Civilization of Egypt.[117]. As European influence spread across the globe, these Westphalian principles, especially the concept of sovereign states, became central to international law and to the prevailing world order. Western Wall, also called the Wailing Wall, in the Old City of Jerusalem, a place of prayer and pilgrimage sacred to the Jewish people. Here at the Western World Ruthie will give you the silver key To open the red door: Lay down your Jackson and you will see The sweetness you've been crying for In the night you hide from the madman You're longing to be But it all comes out on the inside Eventually (Chorus) (Repeat last verse and chorus) Comments/Interpretations. [115] These include Turkey, whose political leadership has since the 1920s tried to Westernize the predominantly Muslim country with only 3% of its territory within Europe. While the second option is the most appropriate and useful for an analysis focused on the international political consequences of civilizations, including relations between Latin America, on the one hand, and North America and Europe, on the other, he also mentions that the underlying conflict of Latin America belonging to the West must eventually be addressed in order to develop a cohesive Latin American identity. These are seen as fostering the 19th century Western world's sustained economic development. [citation needed], The Roman Empire succeeded the approximately 500-year-old Roman Republic (c. 510 BC – 30 BC), which had been weakened by the conflict between Gaius Marius and Sulla and the civil war of Julius Caesar against Pompey and Marcus Brutus. Timeline of generations in the Western world – retirement age and life expectancy are approximate. Looking at the World’s Tattoos Photographer Chris Rainier travels the globe in search of tattoos and other examples of the urge to embellish our skin . [5][b] The Western world is also known as the Occident (from the Latin word occidens, "sunset, West"), in contrast to the Orient (from the Latin word oriens, "rise, East") or Eastern world. [49][50][51][52], This very profitable Central European Fourth Crusade had prompted the 14th century Renaissance (translated as 'Rebirth') of Italian city-states including the Papal States, on eve of the Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation (which established the Roman Inquisition to succeed the Medieval Inquisition). In the Americas, Christianity continues to play an important societal role, though in areas such as Canada, a low level of religiosity is common due to a European-type secularization. Oxford Dictionaries defines religion as the belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods. Japan was involved primarily in the so-called Meiji period (1868–1912), though earlier contact with the Portuguese, the Spaniards and the Dutch were also present in recognition of European nations as strategically important to the Japanese Empire. Non-lyrical content copyright 1999-2020 SongMeanings, Javascript must be enabled for the correct page display. [citation needed], The Latin Rite Catholic Church of western and central Europe split with the eastern Greek-speaking Patriarchates in the Christian East–West Schism, also known as the "Great Schism", during the Gregorian Reforms (calling for a more central status of the Roman Catholic Church Institution), three months after Pope Leo IX's death in April 1054. [citation needed] Despite this, Christianity, in its different forms, remains the largest faith in most Western countries.[96]. Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the world, particularly in developing countries. [citation needed], Some tendencies that define modern Western societies are the existence of political pluralism, secularism, generalization of middle class, prominent subcultures or countercultures (such as New Age movements), increasing cultural syncretism resulting from globalization and human migration. A 'Modern West' emerged from the Late Middle Ages (after the Renaissance and fall of Constantinople) as a new civilization greatly influenced by the interpretation of Greek thought preserved in the Byzantine Empire, and transmitted from there by Latin translations and emigration of Greek scholars through Renaissance humanism. Otherwise, North Korea or Thailand would not be considered part of the Eastern world because they are both economically less developed and politically less democratic than Japan or South Korea. In the WHO Western Pacific Region, it is estimated that close to 6.22 million new cases occurred in 2018 (3.43 million in men and 2.79 million in women). [citation needed], The dissolution of the Western half (nominally in AD 476, but in truth a long process that ended by AD 800) left only the Eastern Roman Empire alive. Russia’s Lavrov sketches out post-Western world order "It is time to stop applying Western metrics to our actions and stop trying to be liked by the West at any cost." In modern usage, Western world sometimes[13] refers to the European heartland and to areas whose populations have had a large presence of Western Ethnic groups since the 15th century Age of Discovery. Color quite literally colors the way we view our world. German monk Martin Luther, in the wake of precursors, broke with the pope and with the emperor by the Catholic Church's abusive commercialization of indulgences in the Late Medieval Period, backed by many of the German princes and helped by the development of the printing press, in an attempt to reform corruption within the church. In its 10-centuries expansion, Roman civilization shifted from a small monarchy (753 – 509 BC), to a republic (509 – 27 BC), to an autocratic empire (27 BC – AD 476). [101] Wikipedia is blocked intermittently in China since 2004. There are numerous definitions of what constitutes the Western world that are closely related. Some Third World countries aligned themselves with either the US-led West or the Soviet-led Eastern bloc. Find more ways to say western, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. [citation needed], The then Hellenic division between the barbarians (term used by Ancient Greeks for all non-Greek-speaking people) and the Greeks contrasted in many societies the Greek-speaking culture of the Greek settlements around the Mediterranean to the surrounding non-Greek cultures. [citation needed], In modern usage, Western world refers to Europe and to areas whose populations largely originate from Europe, through the Age of Discovery's imperialism. [103][104][105][106][107], American political scientist, adviser and academic Samuel P. Huntington considered Latin America as separate from the Western world for the purpose of his geopolitical analysis. The term "Western world" can mean a number of different things, but generally it refers to countries in Europe and North America. The opposite here is a non-western world in Africa, Asia and Latin America – now dubbed “the global south” – though many people in Latin America will claim a western inheritance, too. WHO works with governments and partners across the Region to promote health, keep the world safe, and serve the vulnerable. [citation needed]. From traditional architecture, fashion, music, cuisine and Christian religion. Due to its association with military service, Kilroy was here is often referenced as a point of nostalgia, pride, and camaraderie among veterans as well among some civilians. Latin alphabet world distribution. However, he does mention that the modus operandi of the Catholic Church was to incorporate native elements of pagan European cultures into the general dogma of Catholicism, and the Native American elements could be perceived in the same way. Western culture was influenced by many older civilizations of the ancient Near East,[17] such as Phoenicia, Ancient Israel,[18][19][9] Minoan Crete, Sumer, Babylonia, and also Ancient Egypt. Although Christianized by early Middle Ages. Here At The Western World Chords by Steely Dan. [citation needed], The geopolitical divisions in Europe that created a concept of East and West originated in the ancient tyrannical and imperialistic Graeco-Roman times. Latin America's status as Western is disputed by some researchers. Settlers to these colonies included Anglicans, Dutch Calvinists, English Puritans and other nonconformists, English Catholics, Scottish Presbyterians, French Huguenots, German and Swedish Lutherans, as well as Quakers, Mennonites, Amish, and Moravians. [118], Countries that identify themselves with an originally European shared culture, This article is about the Western world in the context of the, "Western power" redirects here. [citation needed] The Greeks would highlight the lack of freedom in the Persian world, something that they viewed as antithetical to their culture. The geopolitical divisions in Europe that created a concept of East and West originated in the ancient tyrannical and imperialistic Graeco-Roman times. A series of scholars of civilization, including Arnold J. Toynbee, Alfred Kroeber and Carroll Quigley have identified and analyzed "Western civilization" as one of the civilizations that have historically existed and still exist today. [citation needed], In the early-19th century, the systematic urbanisation process (migration from villages in search of jobs in manufacturing centers) had begun, and the concentration of labour into factories led to the rise in the population of the towns. Don’t have an account? European Union (in blue) and European Free Trade Association (in green). In particular, Toynbee refers to the intelligentsia formed among the educated elite of countries impacted by the European expansion of centuries past. Learn more. Meaning of western. Palestinian-American literary critic Edward Said uses the term occident in his discussion of orientalism. Peninsula of Mt. Therefore, Iberia (Portugal and Spain), Gaul (France), the Mediterranean coast of North Africa (Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco) and Britannia were all part of the "West", while Greece, Cyprus, Anatolia, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine, Egypt, and Libya were part of the "East". [12] The Eastern Mediterranean was home to the highly urbanized cultures that had Greek as their common language (owing to the older empire of Alexander the Great and of the Hellenistic successors. Brooke Nelson Updated: Aug. 21, 2020. It is often used interchangeably with "first world" nations. "[43] Over time, the Western Church gradually identified with the "Catholic" label, and people of Western Europe gradually associated the "Orthodox" label with the Eastern Church (although in some languages the "Catholic" label is not necessarily identified with the Western Church). This was in note of the fact that both Catholic and Orthodox were in use as ecclesiastical adjectives as early as the 2nd and 4th centuries respectively. [g] The geographical identity of the Balkans is historically known as a crossroads of cultures, a juncture between the Latin and Greek bodies of the Roman Empire, the destination of a massive influx of pagans (meaning "non-Christians") Bulgars and Slavs, an area where Catholic and Orthodox Christianity met,[46] as well as the meeting point between Islam and Christianity. Archaeological surveys in 2010 and 2011 at the Areni-1 cave complex have resulted in the discovery of the world's earliest known leather shoe, skirt, and wine-producing facility. It is estimated to have first reached one billion in 1804. According to Samuel P. Huntington, some countries are torn on whether they are Western or not, with typically the national leadership pushing for Westernization, while historical, cultural and traditional forces remain largely non-Western. Every person – in every country in the world – should have the opportunity to live a long and healthy life. Historians, such as Carroll Quigley in "The Evolution of Civilizations",[20] contend that Western civilization was born around AD 500, after the total collapse of the Western Roman Empire, leaving a vacuum for new ideas to flourish that were impossible in Classical societies. Augustine wrote in On True Religion: "Religion is to be sought... only among those who are called Catholic or orthodox Christians, that is, guardians of truth and followers of right. Western Hemisphere, part of Earth comprising North and South America and the surrounding waters. 7: The Scientific Revolution of the 17 Cent", Industrial Revolution and the Standard of Living: The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics, "Expansion and Contraction Patterns of Large Polities: Context for Russia", "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "Review of Global Reach: the Power of the Multinational Corporations, by Richard J. Barnet and Ronald E. Muller", "Securing the World's Commercial Sea Lanes | The American Spectator | Politics Is Too Important To Be Taken Seriously", "Table: Religious Composition by Country, in Percentages", "The new cold war: are we going back to the bad old days? [10][11] Through extensive imperialism, colonialism and Christianization by some Western powers in the 15th to 20th centuries and later exportation of mass culture, much of the rest of the world has been extensively influenced by Western culture, in a phenomenon often called Westernization. The popular press sometimes alludes to Kilroy was here as a cultural touchstone for US soldiers’ lived experiences of the far-flung wars of the 20th century, especially World War II. America and other countries around the world, wedding rings are worn on the Eventually..., 1825-1889 independence by 1960 causes of death in the latest poll of our science,! 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