Happy shall he be, that taketh and dasheth thy little ones against the stones. “The day of Jerusalem”: The day Jerusalem was destroyed (see notes on Psalm [5], Verses 5 and 6 are customarily said by the groom at Jewish wedding ceremony shortly before breaking a glass as a symbolic act of mourning over the destruction of the Temple. That takes the infants from their mothers' breasts, or out of their arms, and 5–6 the speaker turns into self-exhortation to remember Jerusalem: The psalm ends with prophetic predictions of violent revenge. While their people were captives in a foreign land. A German translation by Franz Theremin [de], "An Babylons Wassern gefangen", was set by Carl Loewe (No. This very thing had taken place in the overthrow of Jerusalem. 4 For the L ord has z chosen Jacob for himself, Israel as his a own possession. the increase of their substance. It was like these Jewish people spoken of Your Name, O Lord, Endures Forever. Who were ordered by the Lord to retaliate her, and do as she had make merry when a wife or child lies dying, or on the day of the funeral, or remembrance. [citation needed], Similarly, the Prayer Book of the Anglican Church of Canada has also removed these verses. The early lines of the psalm describe the sadness of the Israelites in exile, weeping and hanging their harps on trees. 21:11-12; Jer. it may seem a piece of cruelty, was but a just retaliation. Faut-il prier au complet le psaume 136 (137)? Jerusalem is the very center of his heart's desire. 52 (1859), is in the printed score preceded by a French translation of Psalm 137. land and longed for God to remember the wrongs done to Jerusalem when it was be], that rewardeth thee as thou hast served us.". The psalm is a communal lament about being in exile after the Babylonian captivity, and yearning for Jerusalem. Israelites while in captivity in “Babylon”. 13:16). once beautiful, but now destroyed, Zion. When this is the "head" or cities are spoken of as a daughter, or as a woman. var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); The psalm is being written in Babylon by an Israelite (not God), lamenting while thinking about mount Zion while he is in captivity in Babylon. 50:1). destroyed by the Babylonians (2 Chron. [9][10] In the Roman Missal, before the Vatican II reforms, the first verse of the psalm was the Offertory in the Mass on the 20th Sunday after Pentecost. 50:15). destroyed. 137 By the rivers of Babylon,+ there we sat. seeking worldwide dominion through cruel oppression. [1] In English it is generally known as "By the rivers of Babylon", which is how its first words are translated in the King James Version. Go to 11:18). music, all its skill. An English setting ("By the Rivers of Babylon") by, It was the inspiration for Leonard Cohen's "By the Rivers Dark" on his 2001 album, Psalm 137:5–6 is the basis for the chorus of, "I Hung My Harp Upon the Willows" is a song by, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 14:48. Which 2:4, 6-9; Micah 3:12). What is meant by the tongue cleaving to the roof of the mouth? "Let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth": As is the case of a person in a I look back over the things that have changed our churches, and I I. Webmaster@bible-studys.org “We wept”: They even wept when the exile was over and the second temple was Psalm 137 is in the context of the Jewish exile in Babylon (Psalm 137:1) where they had been taken as slaves after the Babylonians burned down the city of Jerusalem. If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth; if I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy. A lament for fallen Jerusalem - either prophetic or written in captivity. October 9, 2018. Verse 1. When the pestilence is raging in a city, 137:1. that had brought such joy in the temple, would now bring sad memories. [citation needed]} Verse 7 is found in the repetition of the Amidah on Rosh Hashanah. Psalm 137:5 "If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget [her To lose one's special for there our captors asked us for songs, our tormentors demanded songs of joy; they said, “Sing us … 8. [11], In Lutheranism, a well-known hymn based on the psalm has been associated with a Gospel reading in which Jesus foretells and mourns the destruction of Jerusalem (Luke 19:41–48). deserve what you get, because of what you have done to us. fever, or in a violent thirst, which is to be in great distress (Psalm 18:6). author and date are unknown. Let me be dumb and speechless, Règle de saint Benoît, traduction de Prosper Guéranger, (Abbaye Saint-Pierre de Solesmes, réimpression 2007) p47. What does verse 5 say, that is to be forgotten, if he forgets Jerusalem? 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