These fifty years witnessed a dramatic expansion of American empire. People considered the time from the 1890s to 1916 as a shift of the Gilded Age and the Progressive Era when many things changed dramatically. One of the most infamous bosses of the era was William Marcy Tweed, head of Tammany Hall. Glenda Elizabeth Gilmore, Gender and Jim Crow: Women and the Politics of White Supremacy in North Carolina, 1896-1920 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996), xxi, 148. Having learned about the four … Everyone had a trade they specialized in, and they knew both the rewards and dangers of their trade. We hit your inbox once a month and never abuse your personal information. During an unprecedented movement in 19th and 20th century America, came, a rise in new innovations and a new way of thinking in American society. Sort by: Top Voted. Capitalists took the opportunity to paint the labor movement as unpatriotic, violent, and the product of dangerous foreign thought. Lewis Hine (Photographer) - 'Newsies at Skeeter's Branch, St. Louis, Missouri, 11:00 am, May 9, 1910', After the end of the Civil War, the United States experienced a period of staggering economic expansion. • Develops the thesis with substantial and relevant outside information. This time of rapid financial growth transformed the nation into an industrial powerhouse, which resulted in the growth of capitalism and a shift in American values. Political machines, and their bosses acquired huge fortunes through bribery and the acceptance of kickbacks. BACK; NEXT ; The Golden Points. ottawatourism.ca . Teach your students to think through primary source documents for contextual understanding and to extract information to make informed judgments. and to have a clear claim/thesis, to have evidence, and to have analysis (from your notes). The female character named Lily Bart said in quote. Immigrant neighborhoods, filled with individuals from similar cultural and ethnic backgrounds, relied on each other, creating close knit societies and communities within America's many industrial metropolises. Riis goes on to say that is of the not the laziness of the laborers that is the cause of such conditions but that of others who fail to aid out of indifference. Task - Using the documents above, and your knowledge of US History, please complete the following written task: Re-examine the cartoon below. Beaucoup ne voient rien à redire à la garde hors du foyer dès l'âge de trois mois si les prestations sont de qualité acceptable. Whether or not the politics of the Gilded Age failed in dealing with social and economic issues has long been debated by historians. In 2013, her U.S. History Scene article on Civil War photography was cited in an amicus curiae brief submitted to the United States Supreme Court. Please prepare for the seminar and submit via Moodle by 11:59 P.M. Those influenced by Gronlund and Bellamy became leaders of the labor and anarchist movements, staging protests and forming unions to combat their oppression. Beginning in the 1890s, southern legislatures passed “Jim Crow” laws that mandated racial segregation, creating whites-only restaurants, schools, bathrooms, and other public spaces. Children earned significantly less than most adults, which made them prized possessions to the factory owners, who saw that the less they had to spend, the more successful they would become. Craftsmen were careful when working because they knew every part of the process. They wanted to make a better life for themselves. Parents forced their children to work in order to pay their bills and draw in a larger income that they needed to survive. First of all, the portrayal of American value during the Gilded Age has made it, the social norm to show off one’s self worth by spending a great amount of money on luxury. From such tasks as working on assembly lines, shrimp picking, and other demeaning occupations, children found work in areas many did not want to go. . However, this act was declared unconstitutional in 1918. Please note, the library is not responsible for the content on these sources and it is the student's responsibility to properly cite from the proper location. The Gilded Age was a a prosperous time in the United States. There was a significant increase in industry, technology, and innovation. Before the rise of factories man and women worked for themselves in agriculture or small businesses. plan. Home. Alan Trachtenberg, The Incorporation of America: Culture and Society in the Gilded Age (New York: Hill and Wang, 1982) 4; Richard Schneirov, “Thoughts on Periodizing the Gilded Age: Capital Accumulation, Society, and Politics, 1873-1898,” The Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era 5, no. The agenda of Tammany Hall, like many political machines during the Gilded Age, was to benefit corrupt politicians. Do I prefer terrapin à la Maryland to fried liver because plow hands must put up with the liver - or because the terrapin is intrinsically a more charming dose? Samuel McCune Lindsay, head of National Child Labor Committee and author of the article. Gilded Age politics: patronage. And this discovery came with a second revelation: talk of a second Gilded Age, which might have seemed like hyperbole, was nothing of the kind. Gilded Age politicians were largely corrupt and ineffective. Children, some as young as five, could be employed in America’s factories. It was also believed that those people who lived in poverty did so out of their own volition or slothfulness. • Presents an effective analysis of the topic; treatment of multiple parts may be somewhat uneven: o Impact of big business on the economy o Impact of big business on politics o Responses of the American people to changes brought about by big business • Effectively uses a substantial number of documents. “to be poor amounted to such a confession of failure and amounted to disgrace” (Wharton, 58). goods and services. These resources can also introduce project users to scholars' major interpretive themes and debates, and help them to formulate their own historical questions and begin research in the online databases. PPTX (4.96 MB) From: History is Old PowerPoint Presentation on the Politics of the United States during the Gilded Age (1877-1900). Industrialization & the Gilded Age : Political Cartoons of the Gilded Age Students will analyze various political cartoons from the gilded age, learning to use a cartoon analysis protocol that can be applied to any political cartoon or image. Cette période englobe ainsi non seulement la Reconstruction, mais aussi la crise bancaire de mai 1873 qui s'acheva en 1877, à une époque où les États-Unis connaissaient une croissance économique, industrielle et démographique sans précédent. Those who chose the first option would have opportunities to engage in “vicarious leisure,” which, is leisure practiced by wives to show off wealth by purchasing from her husband’s money, and, in return this portrays the husband’s high economic status, H.L. As more and more Americans and immigrants began working in factories the number of work related injuries and deaths skyrocketed. Many already established citizens began to flock to the cities in search of opportunity, but with this search came a new identity. Another was the rigged elections by which many elected officials remained in power. How they got there—the stuff of the Gilded Age and the Progressive Era—demands deep, critical analysis. Wage labor appealed to many Americans and immigrants because it sold them the idea of economic freedom, but did very little to warm them of the physical risks that were involved in factory work. unicef-irc.org. In addition to providing lifelong history lovers, teachers, and students free access to premier digital research, the editors and writers of U.S. History Scene are available for freelance or consulting work. Kirsten Marie Delegard, Battling Miss Bolsheviki: The Origins of Female Conservatism in the United States (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012), 2, 3. Log In. Despite government urging to appease the strikers, the Mccormick plant retaliated by hiring strikebreakers and private police. New products and technologies improved middle-class quality of life. Those select few who profited from this transition made fortunes and have earned their place in the history books of time. The owners and employers would typically win any court case involving an injured worker seeking compensation. Rapid economic growth generated vast wealth during the Gilded Age. women were depicted as “conspicuous leisure” for men of power to own as trophies. Gilded Age Source Analysis Gilded Age Works Cited Gilded Age Continuity and Change Gilded Age Image Analysis ... tells us that nativist sentiment was strong in some places and racism was sometimes incorporated into law during the Gilded Age. Late 19th Century Document Analysis. Help us continue to bring you the best of the archives... without the dust! Through analyzing child labor in the United States, we can paint a better picture of the priorities that the wealthy exhibited in this day and age, and, in turn, examine the changing values in America. With severe unsanitary conditions and serious over-population of these tenements illness was a likely cause of death if work related accidents weren’t. The tale’s “moral was the danger of privileging speculation over honest labor”; the plot’s machinations “exposed the rot beneath the gilded surface.”1 To contemporary observers and historians alike, there was no better metaphor for the corruption and inequality that then suffused American politics and industry. Serena Covkin is a Ph.D. student at the University of Chicago, studying nineteenth- and twentieth-century United States history. According to Veblen it is reported that “the original reason for the seizure and appropriation of, women seems to have been their usefulness as trophies” (Veblen, 23). Trachtenberg, Incorporation of America, 39, White, Republic for Which It Stands, 4; Trachtenberg, Incorporation of America, 45, Trachtenberg, Incorporation of America, 40. Make sure to . The concept of Social Darwinism played a factor in this as some believed the government should not interfere but instead let nature take its course and let people succeed or fail on their own. After four hundred years of strife, the United States devastated its Native American population and in 1887, the Dawes Act bestowed the president with the power to break up Indian reservations among individuals.16 In 1898, the nation annexed Hawaii; that same year, it waged the Spanish-American War, bringing Puerto Rico, Cuba, Guam, and the Philippines under American control; and between 1903 and 1914, it constructed the Panama Canal, linking the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Concluding his autobiography, he writes that he  “cannot but reject the idea that the foundation of society could be changed by alterations of or by a structure that rests upon it and would tumble down the very minute the foundation was touched.” (Spies, 1886). Most important of all, Ellen Collins, the tenement owner, profited from her investment. via Library of Congress, America at Work, America at Leisure: Motion Pictures from 1894 to 1915 The responsibility was almost always put on the victim. Analysis. Beverly Gage, The Day Wall Street Exploded: A Story of America in Its First Age of Terror (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009), 2, 3. Less gruesome, if no less contentious, the social reforms and protective legislation that typified the Progressive Era also constituted concerted attempts to “limit the social costs of aggressive, market capitalism.”8 Increasingly, crusaders of all stripes lobbied local, state, and federal government officials to step in and address their concerns, from temperance, to agricultural subsidies, to monetary policy.9 In concert with their counterparts across the North Atlantic world, American civil servants and policymakers worked to ameliorate “the problems and miseries of ‘great city’ life, the insecurities of wage work, the social backwardness of the countryside, [and] the instabilities of the market itself.”10 Though they could not yet vote in most of the country, middle-class women directed settlement houses, women’s clubs, and social movements “for compulsory public education, regulation of sweatshop labor, public sanitation, and the arbitration of strikes.”11 Throughout this “veritable ‘golden age’ of women’s politics,” maternal social reformers helped “recas[t] the welfare of mothers and children as an issue for public policy” while also creating new, viable spaces for women to operate outside the home.12 That women could effect positive social change was a guiding premise of the movement for women’s suffrage—and in 1920, the states ratified the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution, granting women the right to vote.13, Scholars continue to debate whether the mantle of progressivism can and should apply to the American South. 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